Aortic Surgery is performed when there is a tear or abnormal bulge (aneurysm) in the aorta, the large artery leaving the heart. Go to the Aortic Center to learn more.
CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Graft) is also traditionally known as "by-pass" surgery. There are many types of CABG's performed by surgeons. They are performed due to a blockage in an artery leading to the heart. It involves the removing of healthy arteries or veins from one part of the body and attaching them to the coronary artery to restore blood flow to the heart.
Valve Surgery is performed to improve the health and energy of people with heart valve diseases. The problems that occur with a person's valve are stenosis (when the valves don't open enough), leaking (because they don't properly close), or prolapse (when they don't close properly and are pushed into the left atrium). The problems occur due to aging, birth defects, or certain diseases. A replacement valve may be taken from another human heart (cadaver valve) or pig (porcine valve) or it can be a mechanical one.
Vascular Surgery is a specialty of surgery in which diseases of the vascular system, or arteries and veins, are managed by medical therapy, minimally-invasive catheter procedures, and surgical reconstruction. Cardiothoracic surgeons specifically deal with the heart and its vessels.