Infection Control 

Infection Control

 

INFECTION CONTROL

Recommendations for application of standard precautions for the care of all patients in all healthcare settings.

  • Hand Hygiene – After touching blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, contaminated items immediately after removing gloves; between patient contacts.
  • Gloves – For touching blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, contaminated items; for touching mucous membranes and non-intact skin.
  • Gown – During procedures and patient-care activities when contact of clothing/exposed skin with blood/body fluids, secretions, and excretions is anticipated.
  • Mask, Eye Protection (goggles), Face Mask – During procedures and patient-care activities likely to generate splashes or sprays of blood, body fluids, secretions, especially suctioning, endotrachael intubation.
  • Soiled Patient-Care Equipment – Handle in a manner that prevents transfer of microorganisms to others and to the environment; wear gloves if visibly contaminated; perform hand hygiene.
  • Environmental Control – Develop procedures for routine care, cleaning and disinfection of environmental surfaces, especially frequently touched surfaces in patient-care areas.
  • Textiles and Laundry – Handle in a manner that prevents transfer of microorganisms to others and to the environment.
  • Needles and Other Sharps – Do not recap, bend, break, or hand-manipulate used needles; if recapping is required, use a one-handed scoop technique only; use safety features when available; place used sharps in puncture-resistant container.
  • Patient Resuscitation – Use mouthpience, resusitation bag, other ventilation devices to prevent contact with mouth and oral secretions.
  • Patient Placement – Prioritize for single-patient room if patient is at increased risk of transmission, is likely to contaiminate the environment, does not maintain appropriate hygiene, or is at increased risk of acquiring infection or developing adverse outcome following infection.
  • Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette – Instruct symptomatic persons to cover mouth/nose when sneezing/coughing; use tissues and dispose in no-touch receptacle; observe hand hygiene after soiling of hands with respiratory secretions; wear surgical mask if tolerate or maintain spatial separation. 3-feet if possible.

 For a complete listing of the South Carolina 2012 List of Reportable Conditions, please click on the link below:

         http://www.scdhec.gov/administration/library/CR-009025.pdf